2017-22: Combatting gender based violence in Morocco

The aim of the project “combatting gender based violence in Morocco” is to eliminate violence against women (VAW) in Morocco.

The two main goals are:

  • To improve the protection of victims of violence.
  • To mobilise and advocate for a right-based and victim-centred implementation of legal frameworks to prevent and combat violence against women.

The project is carried out by KVINFOs partner organisation Women’s Council Denmark (WCD). WCD works together with the Moroccan organisation, League Démocratique des Droits des Femmes (LDDF-Injad).

Background

VAW is a violation of women’s human right. It is a symptom of patriarchal structures upholding views and practices that systematically place women in an inferior position to men in all aspects of society.

WCD and LDDF-Injad and gender based violence: Facts about the project

Local partner: Women’s Council Denmark (WCD) who works together with the Moroccan organisation, League Démocratique des Droits des Femmes (LDDF-Injad)

Country: Morocco

Thematic area: Gender based violence (GBV).

Violence against women in Morocco – like many parts of the world, is perceived as a private matter and not a structural problem. A problem subjected to political and social interventions.

Political resistance and a patriarchal culture stand in the way of the implementation of a full citizenship of women and elimination of VAW. Low levels of information of women of their rights, particularly in rural areas, and lack of security networks for women victims of violence further reinforce the condition.

The state of women’s rights and VAW in Morocco reveals discrepancies between the political decisions on the highest levels of government and reality.

A Human Rights Watch (HRW) report from 2015 concludes that key institutions such as the police, prosecutors, judges, and other authorities often fail to prevent domestic abuse, punish the abusers, or assist survivors. As a result, abused women resort to, and are in need of, shelters and counseling centers in the absence of any other form of protection.

Danish-Arab Partnership Programme

KVINFO's programme in the Middle East and North Africa is financed by:

 

After years of pressure, law 103-13 on the Elimination of Violence Against Women was passed in February 2018 and came into effect in September the same year.

The law recognises some forms of abuse including sexual harassment in the public spaces and forced marriage, but fails to meet international standards and to take a human rights based approach, as women are not seen as rights holders. The law lacks a clear definition of domestic violence, marital rape and adequate protection of survivors.

Nevertheless, having a law on violence against women is an opportunity for women’s rights organisations to initiate debate about VAW and advocate towards duty bearers to make significant progress to eliminate VAW.

Activities

LDDF-Injad’s intervention is guided by the overall change assumption that civil society organisations (CSOs) play a key role in mobilising political and public support for legal reforms and actions against VAW.

In this way, they hold duty bearers accountable, document the extent and consequences of VAW and become able to promote social norms that render violence against women unacceptable.

Accordingly, this intervention prioritizes capacity building of women’s shelters and women’s rights CSOs to claim and perform this role.

From this starting point, lddf-Injad works with five key activities:

  • Awareness-raising of youth in universities, youth centers and youth associations across Morocco on gender based violence (GBV) and training them to support LDDF-Injad’s campaigns and advocacy work against VAW.
  • Rural outreach through Caravans to sensitize communities, local governance institutions and associations on VAW.
  • Document violence against women accurately and professionally and in a way where documentation will be used for awareness raising, lobbying and fundraising
  • Capacity building of the network Femmes Solidaires to strengthen their bargaining position towards local and national authorities on violence against women.
  • Advocacy by Lddf-Injad and Femmes Solidaires to raise awareness and inform the media, public opinion and decision makers about the negative effects of GBV in Morocco and the need for an improved legal framework that prevents VAW and protects victims of violence.
  • Enter regional and international networks with likeminded organisations. The networks work to foster solidarity and exchange of knowledge, methods and ideas for advocacy, awareness and mobilization