2017-22: Gender mainstreaming in text and practice in Tunisia

The aim of the project “Gender mainstreaming in text and practice in Tunisia” is to harmonize the legal framework and specific laws. The goal is to make them consistent with the principles of gender equality enshrined in Tunisia’s new constitution from 2014 and international conventions. Furthermore, the aim is to ensure the application of the reformed legislation.

Law and LET: Facts about the project

Local partner: Ligue des Electrices Tunisiennes (LET)

Country: Tunisia.

Thematic area: Legal reform and equal distribution of resources (LRED).

KVINFO and LET have another project together under theme of equal participation.

The project is carried out by KVINFO’s partner Ligue des Electrices Tunisiennes (LET) – the League of Tunisian Women Voters.

Background

Tunisia’s new constitution from 2014 is probably the constitution in the region with the strongest protection of women’s rights. For example it includes article 46, which provides that:

“The state commits to protect women’s established rights and works to strengthen and develop those rights.”

Furthermore, it guarantees:

“Equality of opportunities between women and men to have access to all levels of responsibility and in all domains”.

Danish-Arab Partnership Programme

KVINFO's programme in the Middle East and North Africa is financed by:

 

However, despite the progressive text of the Constitution there are still numerous limitations to women’s rights and gender equality in Tunisia to be found in the legislation. For instance in relation socio-economic rights, specifically heritage and parental authority.

Men and women are not treated at an equal footing as men are legally in a better position to inherit land and money and have the overall guardianship over children.

Furthermore, discrepancy between the legal text that has been aligned with the 2014 Constitution and International Conventions and the actual application, still prevails.

Activities

LET works for law reforms and for the correct implementation of current and new laws. This is done by influencing officials and institutions such as the parliament responsible for reforming laws and legislation and by carrying out advocacy and awareness raising vis a vis institutions, civil society and the population at large to put  pressure on the authorities for reforms and the application of these law reforms.

They works with three fundamental pillars:

  • Research and diagnosis of the legal framework and practices on women’s socio-economic rights and individual liberties. This research will provide LET with substantiated and well researched information for their advocacy and awareness raising work. The determination on priorities and strategy will be defined with LET’s field experts, the Associations of Young Lawyers and other CSO partners.  The general focus will be on laws affecting women’s individual rights and freedoms – for example freedom of faith, inter-faith marriage and socio-economic rights i.e. equal pay, labour law, heritage, parental authority to mention some.
  • Lobbying activities towards legislators, government officials, national council members and committee members. And furthermore, others with power to influence law reform and application.
  • Advocacy campaigns to raise general awareness and support for gender equality in legal texts and practice.